Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is because of faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment may or may not completely reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and in most cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and relentless signs regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response varies and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however a lot of are permanent. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the more development is of critical here significance. Other treatment is based on the signs, like discomfort is managed with NSAID and many other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis often responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may likewise be because of harmful effect of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, various others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage decrease. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.